Exposure to violence can change the size of parts of the brain, its overall structure and the way its circuits work together.
1. They have a smaller hippocampus — the brain area related to learning and memory formation. 2. The anterior insula and amygdala, which process emotions, memory and fear, react more strongly to perceived threats.
SOURCE Kathleen Kendall-Tackett, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, National Center for Biotechnology Information, The Grady Trauma Project
Credit: Jayne O'Donnell, Mabinty Quarshie and Karl Gelles/USA TODAY