The 2016 Atlantic hurricane season officially begins Wednesday June 1 and runs through Nov. 30.
Forecasters are calling for a near-normal season this year in the Atlantic. A typical season sees six hurricanes. Note: NOAA began predicting hurricane seasons in 2000.
Since 1979, hurricane names have alternated between male and female names. If a storm is destructive enough, the name is retired.
Storms often start as tropical waves before developing into tropical depressions.
If they continue to strengthen, they become tropical storms and sometimes hurricanes.
Storm surge is the massive mound of water that builds up and comes ashore as a hurricane moves over the ocean or Gulf of Mexico. It is the single biggest killer in hurricanes.